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Professor Armand André passed away during the night of the 15th of May, 2014 in the arms of his beloved wife Suzette.

He was a person of extraordinary generosity, deep convictions and was also endowed with great moral authority, which always guided his actions.

Prof. André was a great expert in haematology and blood groups, but also cultivated Deontology and Ethics, with a great depth of knowledge.

He occupied a very important place in the International Academy of Legal Medicine (IALM) and it can even be said that, thanks to his commitment, the Academy managed to consolidate its presence inside and outside Europe, as demonstrated by the Roundtable Symposium on Medical Liability organized in 1981 in Bergen (Norway), the 9th Meeting in Vila Real (Portugal) in 1986, dedicated to transplants and in which he was a Speaker, the 10th Meeting in Vancouver in 1986, in which human rights issues were addressed and where he took on the role of Rapporteur.

In 1965 on the occasion of the XXX International Congress of the French Society of Legal Medicine he made the presentation on Medico Legal Expert Research on Parenthood in collaboration with Professors Moreau and Brocteurs.

Prof. André was the Manager of the Liege Centre for Transfusions and on the death of Prof. Moreau was appointed Professor of Forensic Medicine. In 1974 he organized a splendid International Medico-legal Congress, conducted in French, which brought together the leading scientists of the time. He was a very active man and a great organizer.

In 1980, Prof. André represented Belgium on the occasion of the IALM Symposium on Medico Legal Training of Specialists in Europe, held during the XXXVI International French Congress of Legal Medicine. Indeed, during various Symposia, he dealt with the subjects of specialist training, transplants, human rights, professional responsibility, ethics, which were of much interest to the Academy at that time.

As we all know, IALM was founded in Bonn in 1938. The Second World War interrupted its activity, which was then resumed in 1947 with the holding of a Congress in Brussels, and from that time the main IALM Congress has been held every 3 years. To date there have been 22 Congresses, the venues of which have been Bonn, Brussels, Paris, Genoa, Vienna, Budapest, Opatja, Rome, Munich, Lyon, Liege, Zaragoza, Strasbourg, Dublin, Santiago, Milan, Lisbon and Istanbul.

During the Rome Congress in 1973, thanks to the drive of Prof. Gerin, a renaissance began and continued under the supervision of Prof. Spann on the occasion of the Munich Congress in 1976.

In Rome, the presence of Prof. André was already evident, but it was from the Munich Congress that, in his role as Treasurer during that period and with the assistance of Madame Piron, his contribution to the Academy became invaluable. Indeed, his actions ensured the ongoing financial stability of the IALM and the publication of the Acta medicinae legalis et socialis, the official publication of the Academy, which had been sustained thanks to the efforts of Prof. Moreau, André’s Mentor.

In that period, the appointment of the IALM President took place automatically, since the Organizer of the Congress became President for the following three years. It was Prof. André who, in his role as Treasurer, ensured the cohesion of the Academy in the period between the main Congresses.

A time of great anxiety came when the Organizer of the 11th congress in Moscow resigned and was swiftly substituted by Prof. Roche, who organized the Congress in 1979 in Lyon.

In 1985, the IALM Congress was held in Budapest under the chairmanship of Prof. Somogyi and Prof. André was elected President, to be effective from the Liege Congress in 1988, the year in which the Academy celebrated its first 50th Anniversary.

In Liege the Academy broke with tradition and Prof. Villanueva was elected President, in place of Prof. Castellano, who, being the Organizer of the next Congress, had already been indicated for that position. From that time on, the IALM President was elected regardless of the location of the subsequent Congress. The presidency of Prof. Villanueva became effective at the Congress of Zaragoza (1991), with Prof. André acting as Honorary Chairman.

In the opening speech of the XIV Congress of the IALM, which he chaired in Liege, he expressed his concept of Legal Medicine and the Academy.

“Established fifty years ago, in difficult circumstances, the world at that time being torn between different ideologies, the International Academy of Legal Medicine and Social Medicine celebrates a half- century of existence during this Congress (…).

Forensic Medicine, essentially defined as a link between Law and Medicine, is closely related to the legal systems and the mindset of each Country. It is thus dependent on two main currents, Latin Law and Anglo-Saxon Law”.

The birth of the International Academy of Legal Medicine and Social Medicine originates from the will of a few well-established Forensic Pathologists, eager to share their opinions and knowledge, in order to solve the problems submitted to them by Justice.

After the Second World War, this willingness to collaborate was resumed in an effort to move forward from the past and avoid errors that had been committed previously.

The founders were aware of the plurality of their specialty. Situated between Doctors and Lawyers, they understood the importance of their work in the context of respect for the rights and duties of the individual.

To maintain contacts, the Statute provided for the holding of a Congress every three years. These took place in Bonn, Brussels, Budapest, Copenhagen, Genoa, Munich, Opatija, Paris, Vienna and even twice in some of the aforementioned cities.

Since then, despite the creation of many National or International Societies of Legal Medicine, our Academy has maintained its activities, recruiting members among Doctors and Lawyers worldwide.

We would like to end this brief tribute by quoting a part of his speech at the above mentioned Congress, which shows his sense of ethics and deontology in the expert Medico Legal context.

“This brings me to the field of research in Forensic Medicine, an area about which little is known in many countries, in relation to which the Medico Legal Expert must be endowed with scientific reasoning that can only be acquired through rigorous discipline, only attainable through scientific research. The causes of death, behavioural disturbances, the study of physical evidence, including biological evidence, are all subjects of research.

It is necessary to be cautious in every area of Forensic Sciences and not express opinions unless sure of their reliability, otherwise one risks to divert the course of Justice. Research is required in order to discover new methods, but also to apply them and verify their reliability”.

Those who had the good fortune to know him and enjoy his friendship respected him and desired his respect in turn, and would want future generations to consider him as a unique figure of Legal Medicine and of the Academy, as a mirror to look in and a book to study.


xEnrique Villanueva xxxxxxx Santo Davide Ferrara

IALM Past-President xxxxx xxxxxIALM President

ixx(1991 - 1994)




Welcome Message

from the

IALM President

Dear Visitor,

I am extremely pleased to welcome you to the newly updated Website of the International Academy of Legal Medicine (IALM).

The Academy was founded in 1938 in Bonn, Germany, and is the longest-standing as well as one of the most prestigious International Scientific Associations in the field of Legal Medicine and the Biomedicolegal Sciences, its Members consisting of those professionals involved in the practise and development of the Forensic Sciences.


Its main aim is to promote the development of the bio-medicolegal sciences into a mature field of multidisciplinary research, enhancing competitive peer-reviewed research, information sharing and trans-national educational programmes, as well as improving the accuracy, precision and reliability of Biomedicolegal practice in the various sub-disciplines.


The site you are now visiting is currently being renovated. In addition to having been streamlined for greater ease of use, the ethos of the new site is identified through its function as a forum to which all of the IALM Members may contribute, that is, a much more open, involving and evolving space for users of the site than was previously the case.


Our aim is to create a user-friendly and comprehensive tool for those professionals and academics across the world operating in the sphere of Legal Medicine, in order to facilitate an exchange of information and a valuable collaboration between countries, institutions, experts and scientists.

From this Homepage you can access the main sections of the Website, consisting of:

  • Association;
  • State Members;
  • Scientific Information;
  • Meetings;
  • Links & Contacts.

As you will notice, a number of modifications have been made to the site in order to facilitate the user’s experience.

Inside Association you will now find the subsections regarding the History & Statutes, Presidium, Presidents and Membership.

The new section concerning worldwide State Members will give you the opportunity to set up pages concerning your country’s legal medical and forensic system, which will be organized into 4 subsections entitled:

  • Institutes;
  • National Societies;
  • National Journals;
  • International Collaboration.


Recently, we have set up the European State Members section and for this section we ask each European country to nominate an Individual with the responsibility to complete each subsection with the relevant information.

In addition, we are also looking for somebody who will be charged with the responsibility of creating:

  • African State Members Section;
  • Middle Eastern State Members Section;
  • Far Eastern State Members Section;
  • North American State Members Section;
  • South American State Members Section;
  • Oceanic State Members Section.

In Scientific Information you will now find the link to the International Journal of Legal Medicine, which is the official publication of the IALM, as well as links to other International Journals and International Societies related to aspects of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences.

In Meetings you will now find information on IALM Meetings, as well as International and National Meetings.

Finally, in the new Links & Contacts section, you will find links to websites of interest to the forensic sciences.

The quality and scope of the information provided on this site thus depends on you.


The IALM will continue to work tirelessly to achieve its goals. I hope that the work of the IALM will continue to generate valuable contacts between professionals of all countries, with a renewed determination to cooperate and go forward together in a spirit of impartiality and sincerity, with full respect for the values of humanism and the importance of human dignity. I firmly believe that by working together to the best of our ability we will be able to achieve results of real excellence in the future.


In this respect it is particularly agreeable to give my thanks to those who wish to notify us of the inevitable errors and shortcomings within the Website, thereby providing us with those suggestions necessary for the most effective improvement of the site.

With kind regards, I wish you all fulfilment and success in your future work,


S. Davide Ferrara
IALM President


Dear Visitor,

Welcome to the home page of the European Academy of Legal Medicine (EALM), an autonomous section of the International Academy of Legal Medicine (IALM). EALM focuses its attention to developments and considerations within the European arena on diverse initiatives to enhance and build our discipline. Specifically, we work to:

· promote exchanges of and between scientists;

· organize and/or support sessions, meetings and congresses at a regional level;

  • diffuse information between EALM members concerning new laws and/or regulations of interest in legal medicine;
  • set up standards and support activities in connection with research, teaching and advisory services in European countries.

The language of the website is in English to allow all European states to be up to date regarding ongoing activities, facilitating diffusion of contents and scientific progress, while ensuring the opportunity for our members to share experiences, needs, or quations.

Currently, the website includes four main sections, which can be consulted through the upper bar:

· Association;

· State Members;

· Guidelines & Research (Under Construction);

· Meetings.

The website has been designed interactivelly to allow for users to be involved in the site and provide the opportunity to provide the most complete and accurate information. Each user interested in cooperating will be able to sign up by sending an e-mail to our staff: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

We look forward to seeing you on the site.

The Staff.